The Sky Disc
Crete and the symbol with the seven dots
Maybe the 7 stars are the Plejades. They were important showing the farmers that spring time was near. They can be seen from autumn to spring in the constellation Taurus.
What about the word Septentrion ? This word derives from septem(seven) and triones (a team of 3 oxen used for a plough). It means the Big or the Small Dipper/Plough and means North. Due to the precession the stars in the North change.
Amazingly on a clay disc found on Crete there is a symbol which looks like the 7 stars. (Diskos zu Phaestos) This disc of the Bronze Age hasn't been deciphered yet. The symbol with the seven dots mainly appears on the upper side next to a little head.
In this article it is discussed if the bull leaping in ancient crete shows the constellations Orion (jumper) and Taurus ( the bull).
Maybe the white spot on this ancient fresco (Archeological Museum Heraklion, from Knossos) represents the Plejades.
On this head of a bull (Archeological Museum Heraklion, from Knossos) are lines on the side of the head. Seen from the side it could be the Hyades and the Plejades.
On this head of a bull (Archeological Museum Heraklion, from Knossos) is also the symbol of the sky disc. The question is if the number and the place of the dots on this head mean something. (z.B. constellations) Maybe also the Plejades?
On this picture of a bull on a vase (Archeological Museum Heraklion, from Knossos) the dots look odd. The bull faces the "wrong" direction. The brown dots on the front leg don't look like they were placed at random.
The first picture of the Plejades could be in the Lascaux cave. (see links for further details)
Around the year 3000 during spring equinox the plejades rose just before the sun in the east. Though maybe they couldn't be seen because of the daylight.
Is this that can be seen on Knowth 15, the Entrancestone of Newgrange and the sky disc?
In Knowth, Ireland, there is Kerbstone 15.
If one puts this Kerbstone 15 flat on the floor and turns it to the North (i.e. 90 degrees), it resembles the Nebra star disc. There are 7 circles (red) which look like the Plejades.
In Newgrange, Irland, there is an Entrancestone. There are 7 symbols on the right and 4 on the left.
On the sky disc the seven stars are directly opposed the bark including 3 stars and one to the right. The Sky Disc is about 1000 years younger but if f.e. two crosses are found, one in Spain from 500 B.C. and one in Polen from 1500 B.C., it is automatically assumed to have the same meaning. So this shouldn't be an excluding factor.
There are 7 stars, perhaps two bigger half circles and then 4 symbols(green) with a bark beneath them.
The left star which was moved
The star on the left of the line was replaced when the sickle was attached - but in a way that the line was still intact. It was not put to a different place which would have been more likely if the stars were randomly placed. One can draw a horizointal line to another star on the rigth side.
But why were two stars removed on the other side?
Maybe they couldn't be moved close enough which would mean that the position was important. The number of stars seemed to have been unimportant by then.
The star on the upper left is just lost not removed.
Tara in Irland and the Pyramids in Egypt
The bark (in other theories the Milky Way, the Northern Light or a rainbow) looks like a bow with stripes. This symbol appears in Ireland too.
Loughcrew (ca.3000 - 3400 B.C.), 70km north of Dublin, is situated on the highest of 4 hills. Maybe these hills were chosen because they resembled the girdle of Orion.
A stone in Cairn T. is illuminated on the equinox days for 20 minutes (Equinox Stone ( film )).
What might the symbols on this stone be? A star map?
Many symbols are there twice though they are not exactly alike. So they are maybe the same stars on different days or it symbolizes a movement on the Equinox days.
The light of the sun moves from the upper left corner to the lower right corner. The sun is rising in the east. The beam moves across the two big "flowers". So let's assume the two big flowers are the sun.(The two other, lower flowers match to the path of the moon, the planets and the sun if seen as the star map.)
I think the bark is Orion's belt - again at two different times. While the sun moves across the stone, the bark moves to the place to meet the sun (Maybe the lines in the second barque symbolize the souls on their journey which arrive at the sun at last - this is the half-circle with the lines above the second flower.). At least on the picture.
In reality the sun rises in the east while Orion is setting in the west - Orion moves away.
But maybe this is just a question of explanation. If one takes a look at the religious believes in the ancient Egypt everything starts to make sense. After death it was believed the deceased traveled in a barque into the west into Osiris (= Orion) realm to reach eternal life. In this burial chamber in the end of this journey the deceased appears as a sun disc in the east to show that he or she is born again.
If this is true it would underline the theory that the position of great pyramids resemble the girdle of Orion.
One last look at the disc of phaistos: Single words seem to lead in or outside on both sides of the disc. On one side in the centre there waves (water) and on the other side the very symbol which represents in Loughcrew on the Equinox Stone the sun. Here Flower or sun.
These motives appear all over Europe and parts of Asia and Africa: cult and burial places on mountains - or in the case of the pyramids they were built for that purpose -, the stars, a boat, Orion and the sun. It seems that people always wanted to get to the stars after death. Maybe Orion's Belt became the boat which from then on appeared throughout mythology. Perhaps one should take the religious believes of a well-known culture as Egypt and apply them to other cultures - just to see how far one gets. Maybe all these culture were more simliar than we imagine.
Important note :
I have to point out that this is my personal theory which may contain mistakes. and it needs to be scientifically approved.
So read this website critically and tell me if , where and why I am wrong !
The fotos of the Sky Disc are shown by courtesy of
(c)Landesamtes für Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt 2002.
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